Los Angeles County identifies additional case of measles | Lexington Herald Leader

A needle pulls vaccine from a small vial

"Most adults are protected against measles, that's what the science says", Dr. Nancy Messonnier, the director of the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, said in a teleconference April 29, "including people who were born before the measles vaccine was recommended and even people who only got a single dose of measles". The nationwide average is 94%.

While measles hasn't spread to ME this year despite numerous outbreaks in other parts of the country - primarily in New York City and Washington state - some adults, especially those in their 30s, 40s and early 50s, are wondering whether they need a measles booster shot.

Measles outbreaks (defined as three or more incidents) are now ongoing in New York (Rockland County and New York City), California (Butte County, Los Angeles County, and Sacramento County), Georgia, Maryland, Michigan, and New Jersey.

Merck & Co announced this week it's increased MMR production for anyone who needs the vaccine, CNBC reports.

In 2018, the Fresno County vaccination rate was 97.6 percent according to a sample of 18,573 kindergarteners. The virus can live in the air and on surfaces two hours after an infected person has left the room.

Messonier attributed the outbreaks in NY to importation from another country, noting that 44 cases so far this year were directly imported from other countries. More than 700 cases of measles have been reported in 2019.

The Alabama Department of Public Health says measles is a serious viral respiratory illness that lives in the nose and throat mucus of infected people.

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Once a person has received two doses of the vaccine, they are fully immunized against measles.

USA public health officials declared measles eliminated in 2000, meaning the disease was no longer a constant presence in the country. Public notices are often posted asking people if they had visited certain places at certain times the afflicted person visited.

Public health officials in Utah want to reverse the anti-vaccination trend before it's too late, especially concerning measles, mumps and rubella, which were all believed to have been eradicated in the United States decades ago. Anyone showing symptoms was advised to stay away. In a case where a child age 6 to 11 months is traveling internationally, the CDC advocates that the infant get one dose of MMR vaccine before the trip and then get the regular two doses again after age 1.

Who should be vaccinated? . Acceptable presumptive evidence of immunity against measles includes at least one of the following: vaccination record, laboratory results or birth in the United States before 1957.

KDKA reported that all four cases involve one family, three of which are visiting from overseas. Adults who are at high-risk for exposure, including college students and worldwide travelers, are advised to get two doses.

A Department of Health and Social Care Spokesperson said: "The UK has a world-leading vaccination programme and uptake remains very high at around 90% for most childhood vaccines, including MMR".

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