Beijing says U.S. report on Chinese space programme is smokescreen

China claimed it successfully landed a robotic spacecraft on the far side of the moon last month the first ever such landing

Further, both states are developing jamming and cyberspace capabilities, directed energy weapons, on-orbit capabilities and ground-based anti-satellite missiles that can achieve reversible to non-reversible effects on USA space systems.

Both countries "are developing a variety of means to exploit perceived USA reliance on space-based systems and challenge the US position in space", the report said.

"Some actors are seeking ways to deny the effectiveness of the United States, having witnessed more than 25 years of U.S. military successes enabled by space capabilities", the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) study said.

China's foreign ministry condemned Tuesday the new Pentagon report unfounded which warns of Chinese and Russian space threats to the USA national security.

The report said space is growing busier, including as commercial flights advance, and the sphere is increasingly vital to military operations. If the US side truly cares about the security of outer space, it should work with China and actively participate in the arms control process of outer space.

Both countries are developing an arsenal of anti-satellite weaponry including missiles, cyber attacks, and "directed energy weapons", according to the US Defense Intelligence Agency. It concentrates on the capabilities under development in China and Russian Federation, but it doesn't ignore the space threat posed by North Korea and Iran.

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"The PLA owns and operates about half of these ISR systems, most of which could support monitoring, tracking and targeting of USA and allied forces worldwide, especially throughout the Indo-Pacific region", it said.

They both acquired counterspace services that could challenge space-based military assets.

"They are developing systems that pose a threat to freedom of action in space", the report warned, citing current Russian and Chinese military doctrine that sees the ability to control outer space as "integral to winning modern wars".

It adds that China 'possibly already has a limited capability to employ laser systems against satellite sensors'. The report also accused China and Russian Federation of pushing proposals that limit the militarization of space but leave room for both countries to build counter-space weaponry.

"As the number of satellites grows, so does the threats posed by space debris", the official said. On his first full day on the job in January, acting Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan told senior leaders at the Pentagon to 'remember China, China, China.' One area of relative cooperation so far has been in space exploration. "The United States harnesses the benefits of space for communications, financial transactions, public safety, weather, agriculture, navigation and more". The agency goes on to claim that the Chinese military is probably attempting to build a laser weapon system that can "disrupt, degrade, or damage", orbital satellites and the sensors they use.

"Space is fundamental to USA prosperity", the Pentagon official said.

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