Hubble Space Telescope's premier camera shuts down

The Hubble Space Telescope Has A Glitch- Again

Researchers at the Gemini Observatory in Hawaii have used data from the Hubble space telescope to find evidence of an ancient quasar in the void of space.

Astronomers said it is by far the brightest quasar yet discovered in the early universe.

Named after the American astronomer Edwin Hubble, the veteran telescope has been cranking away for more than quarter of century since it was launched in 1990.

During this time hydrogen that had cooled off after the big bang was reheated by young galaxies and other quasars.

NASA will continue to study the quasar to find out more about its gas consumption and identify the chemical composition and temperatures of intergalactic gas in the early universe.

"This discovery demonstrates strongly gravitationally lensed quasars do exist despite the fact we've been looking for over 20 years and not found any others this far back in time".

The mass of the quasar's supermassive black hole was calculated at 700 million times that of the Sun.

Less than a billion years after the Big Bang, a supermassive black hole began devouring anything within its gravitational grasp; this triggered a firestorm of star formation around the black hole; a galaxy was being born; a blowtorch of energy blazed across the Universe.

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The Wide Field Camera 3, or WFC3, which was installed in 2009, reported an error on Tuesday and its operations were suspended. The observations also led to a determination of the mass of the black hole powering the quasar.

"Quasar" is short for quasi-stellar radio source, and describes bright centres of galaxies.

Earth's atmosphere made deciphering the images hard and only by using Hubble were scientists able to identify the quasar image is split into three components.

Although its brightness is impressive, it was only thanks to gravitational lensing (caused by a dim galaxy between it and Earth), which bent the light and made it appear 50 times as bright, that scientists could see it.

The data shows not only that the supermassive black hole is accreting matter to itself at an extremely high rate, but also that the quasar may be producing up to 10,000 stars per year, scientists said. "Its properties and its distance make it a prime candidate to investigate the evolution of distant quasars and the role supermassive black holes in their centers had on star formation", explains co-author Fabian Walter (Mhttps://dailygalaxy.com/2018/08/690-trillion-suns-ancient-quasars-light-so-bright-it-obscured-a-massive-unknown-galaxy-cluster/ax Planck Institute for Astronomy, Germany), illustrating why this discovery is so important.

However, it is still not known for certain which objects provided the reionizing photons.

Handout artist's impression showing how J043947.08+163415.7, a very distant quasar powered by a supermassive black hole, may look close up.

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