Cancer Death Rates on the Decline, 2019 Cancer Stats Report Shows

Colorectal cancer endangers more 20-to-30-year-olds: study - Xinhua | English.news.cn

For the 25th consecutive year, the cancer mortality rate in the United States has declined, according to The American Cancer Society's annual report on cancer rates and trends.

Cancer also remains the nation's No. 2 killer. The declining cancer rate is due, in large part to reductions in smoking and to advancements in the early detection and treatment and cancers, according to the report; the rate of death attributable to lung cancer dropped by 48% from 1990 to 2016 among men and by 23% from 2002 to 2016 among women. Lung cancer is one of the most lethal diseases in men and women, along with colorectal cancer. However, the report estimates 1,762,450 new cancer cases and 606,880 deaths will occur in 2019, amounting to more than 4800 new cancer cases to be diagnosed per day. But since the peak in 1991, the death rate has steadily dropped by approximately 1.5% per year through 2016, according to the study published Tuesday in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

There's been a lot of bad news recently regarding USA death rates. Mortality rates for poor people were significantly higher for cancers that are largely preventable though lifestyle changes, like smoking cessation. Although the racial gap in cancer deaths is slowly narrowing, socioeconomic inequalities are widening. So while the PSA testing may have surfaced cases that didn't actually need treatment, it may also have prevented some cancer deaths, the report suggests. That's a decrease of 1.5% each year. That corresponds to more than 4,800 new cases and nearly 1,700 deaths per day, according to the study.

For example, the report demonstrated that in poorer counties, cervical cancer-related deaths were twice as common in women and men experienced 40% more lung and liver cancer-related deaths compared with more affluent counties.

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A total of 1,762,450 new cancer cases and 606,880 deaths from cancer are expected to occur in the United States in 2019. "This report also highlights our long-standing concerns about the underrepresentation of individuals from lower socioeconomic populations in cancer clinical trials and the access to treatment advances these trials may provide", Bertagnolli said.

Some of the counties with the highest poverty are in rural areas of south Georgia, and "this is something that we've become aware of here at the Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University", Curran said.

For cancers such as leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, pancreatic and ovarian cancers, death rates vary only slightly between the rich and poor, the investigators found.

"What you see is a tragedy of increasing rates of obesity, which is now a risk for certain types of cancer; more clearly identified higher rates of tobacco use; and issues with access to cancer screening and prevention strategies and probably issues with access to diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to cancer", he added.

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