Measles Symptoms, Vaccine: 107 People Across 21 States Infected

UCSF School of Medicine

Symptoms generally appear about a week to two weeks after a person is infected, the CDC said, and begins with a high fever, cough, runny nose and red, watery eyes.

Unvaccinated people exposed to someone with measles may be excluded for up to 21 days from public places, such as school and work, where tehy could infect others.

In all three instances, though, the individuals who got measles were unvaccinated and acquired the virus locally.

At its current pace, the 2018 measles outbreak could be the worst since 2014 when there were a reported 667 cases.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is reporting that more than 100 cases of measles have been diagnosed so far this year in 21 states and the District of Columbia. A rash or flat red spots starts to appear on different parts of the body, starting from the face at the hairline and spreading downward to the neck, trunk, arms, legs, and feet, after three to five days.

Numerous 2014 cases in the United States were associated with cases brought in from the Philippines, which experienced a large measles outbreak.

Miami Children's Hospital pediatrician Amanda Porro prepares to administer a measles vaccination to Sophie Barquin, 4, as her mother, Gabrielle, holds her January 28.

More news: Real Madrid Star: We Must Forget About Cristiano Ronaldo

In 2015, the United States experienced a large, multistate measles outbreak linked to an amusement park in California.

While one dose of MMR is about 93 percent effective in preventing measles, two doses are about 97 percent effective.

The CDC recommends children get two doses of the vaccine, starting with the first dose at 12 to 15 months of age, and the second dose at 4 through 6 years of age.

In all, there were 107 reported cases up until July 14.

The measles virus can live for up to two hours in an airspace where the infected person coughed or sneezed, according to the CDC.

The source of the infections has not been identified, according to the health department.

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