STD Rate In California Hits New High: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis Worst Culprits

STD Rate In California Hits New High: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis Worst Culprits

As per the report released by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH), over 300,000 cases of gonorrhoea, syphilis and chlamydia have been reported in the year 2017, which is a 45 percent jump in such cases from the data collected five years ago.

AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF) launched its latest national outdoor advertising and awareness campaign with new billboards raising an alarm and offering a 'Gonorrhea Alert' about drug-resistant strains of the sexually transmitted disease-including a case of what has been referred to as 'super gonorrhea' reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) by physicians in the United Kingdom earlier this year.

"STDs are preventable by consistently using condoms, and many STDs can be cured with antibiotics", said CDPH Director Dr. Karen Smith in a statement.

The most reported STD was chlamydia, with 218,710 cases reported in 2017.

Chlamydia can be transmitted by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex, affecting both men and women. According to the new report, young female Californians comprised of the majority of cases.

For the health officials, the increase is more alarming than ever considering the fact that the number of sexually transmitted disease has increased each year for six years.

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"A lot of students are sexually active, especially younger people, and the hookup culture is pretty prominent", said another.

Left untreated, chlamydia and gonorrhea can lead to infertility and ectopic pregnancy, while syphilis can lead to blindness or even be fatal. "And for gay men and other men who have sex with men and trans persons, they should have STD screening every three months", said Dr. Susan Philip from the San Francisco Department of Public Health.

The state recorded the highest number of chlamydia cases since reporting started in 1990, the agency said.

Syphilis is categorized as primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary- and each stage has different signs and symptoms.

"We've known how to control syphilis since the early 1900s". It can occur after direct contact with a syphilis sore during sexual intercourse. The syphilis rate for African-Americans were two times higher. In women, it can also be passed to the baby, called congenital syphilis and can result in stillbirth, early death, or long-term infection. Syphilis can cause permanent loss of vision, hearing and other neurologic problems.

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